α4βδ-GABAA receptors in dorsal hippocampal CA1 of adolescent female rats traffic to the plasma membrane of dendritic spines following voluntary exercise and contribute to protection of animals from activity-based anorexia through localization at excitatory synapses

Chiye Aoki, Yi Wen Chen, Tara Gunkali Chowdhury, Walter Piper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In hippocampal CA1 of adolescent female rodents, α4βδ-GABAA receptors (α4βδ-GABAARs) suppress excitability of pyramidal neurons through shunting inhibition at excitatory synapses. This contributes to anxiolysis of stressed animals. Socially isolated adolescent female rats with 8 days of wheel access, the last 4 days of which entail restricted food access, have been shown to exhibit excessive exercise, choosing to run instead of eat (activity-based anorexia [ABA]). Upregulation of α4βδ-GABAARs in the dorsal hippocampal CA1 (DH), seen among some ABA animals, correlates with suppression of excessive exercise. We used electron microscopic immunocytochemistry to show that exercise alone (EX), but not food restriction alone (FR), also augments α4βδ-GABAAR expression at axospinous excitatory synapses of the DH (67%, P = 0.027), relative to socially isolated controls without exercise or food restriction (CON). Relative to CON, ABA animals' synaptic α4βδ-GABAAR elevation was modestly elevated (37%), but this level correlated strongly and negatively with individual differences in ABA vulnerability—i.e., food restriction–evoked hyperactivity (Pearson R = −0.902, P = 0.002) and weight changes (R = 0.822, P = 0.012). These correlations were absent from FR and EX brains or ventral hippocampus of ABA brains. Comparison to CON of α4βδ-GABAAR location in the DH indicated that ABA induces trafficking of α4βδ-GABAAR from reserve pools in spine cytoplasm to excitatory synapses. Pair-housing CON animals reduced cytoplasmic α4βδ-GABAAR without reducing synaptic α4βδ-GABAAR. Thus, exercise induces trafficking of α4βδ-GABAARs to excitatory synapses, while individual differences in ABA vulnerability are linked most strongly to trafficking of α4βδ-GABAARs in the reverse direction—from excitatory synapses to the reserve pool during co-occurring food restriction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1450-1466
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of neuroscience research
Volume96
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Keywords

  • GABA(A) receptor subunit delta
  • GABA(A) receptor subunit delta
  • anorexia nervosa
  • anxiolysis
  • dorsal hippocampus
  • electron microscopic immunocytochemistry
  • exercise
  • neuromodulation
  • nonsynaptic
  • plasticity
  • receptor trafficking
  • social isolation
  • tonic inhibition
  • ventral hippocampus
  • wheel running

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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