4 Modifications of Polymeric Membranes by Incorporating Metal/Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Law Yong Ng, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

The. invention. of. membrane. technology,. including. microfiltration.(MF),. ultrafiltration.(UF),. nanofiltration.(NF),. and. reverse. osmosis.(RO),. has. caused. a. progressive. development. in. various. fields,. such. as. water. purification,. gas. separation,. biotechnology,. and. fuel. cell. technology.. However,. the. most. important. limiting. factor. or. disadvantage. of. membrane. technology. is. fouling.. In. the. membrane. technology. field,. fouling. of. the. membrane. refers. to. the. accumulation. of. undesired. materials. on. the. membrane. surface.. Fouling. materials. are. usually. composed. of. living. organisms. or. their. derivatives.(called. biofouling).(Lee. et. al.. 2007b;. Kang. et. al.. 2004;. Subramani. and. Hoek. 2010). and. nonliving. substances.(called. inorganic. fouling)..
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMembrane Modification: Technology and Applications
PublisherCRC Press Boca Raton, FL, USA
Pages77-118
StatePublished - Jun 9 2012

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    Ng, L. Y., Wahab Mohammad, A., & Hilal, N. (2012). 4 Modifications of Polymeric Membranes by Incorporating Metal/Metal Oxide Nanoparticles. In Membrane Modification: Technology and Applications (pp. 77-118). CRC Press Boca Raton, FL, USA.