5‐HT1A receptor localization on the axon hillock of cervical spinal motoneurons in primates

N. M. Kheck, P. J. Gannon, E. C. Azmitia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Serotonin (5‐HT) has direct and specific effects on the activity of spinal cord motoneurons. The 5‐HT1A receptor has been shown to mediate motoneuron responses in spinal reflex pathways using the highly selective 5‐HT1A receptor agonist 8‐OH‐DPAT. We have developed an antipeptide antibody that recognizes a specific region (the second external loop) of the 5‐HT1A receptor. This 5‐HT1A receptor antibody labels populations of neurons and glia in the primate cervical spinal cord. The highest receptor density is present in the superficial lamina of the dorsal horn, around the central canal, and on the axon hillock of large ventral horn motoneurons. The cellular labeling pattern on motoneurons shows a single, densely stained, tapering process emanating from the perikaryon. A more diffuse label is also present throughout the soma. Dendritic labeling was not apparent. These results suggest that post‐synaptic 5‐HT1A receptors may be involved in modulating spinal motoneuron activity at the key site of action potential initiation, the axon hillock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 1995


  • Macaca
  • autoreceptor
  • immunocytochemistry
  • receptor antibody
  • serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of '5‐HT1A receptor localization on the axon hillock of cervical spinal motoneurons in primates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this