A 1.3 mW 48 MHz 4 Channel MIMO Baseband Receiver With 65 dB Harmonic Rejection and 48.5 dB Spatial Signal Separation

Chul Kim, Siddharth Joshi, Chris M. Thomas, Sohmyung Ha, Lawrence E. Larson, Gert Cauwenberghs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A four-channel multi-input multi-output (MIMO) complex baseband receiver for spectrum and space-aware cognitive radio applications is presented. The MIMO baseband receiver comprises a capacitive harmonic-rejection downconverting mixer (HRM) receiver and a signal-separation multi-input multi-output analog core (MAC) on a single integrated circuit. The HRM receiver performs frequency selection of the incoming RF signals by programmable spectral downconversion and filtering with minimal harmonic folding. The subsequent MAC separates the spectrally overlapping but spatially diverse signals by weighted complex matrix multiplication. The entire signal path is implemented using energy-efficient gm-C analog circuits with digitally controlled capacitive weighting for configurable baseband down-/upconversion ranging from -24 to +24 MHz in the HRM, and programmable spatial filtering with 4×4 complex (8×8 real) 14-bit coefficients in the MAC. Measurements demonstrate greater than 65 dB harmonic-folding rejection by the HRM, and greater than 48.5 dB spatial signal separation by the MAC. The 65 nm CMOS IC occupies 3.27 mm2 active area, and consumes 480 μW digital power at 45 MHz LO and 840 μW analog power at 3 MHz baseband from a 1.2 V supply.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7422678
Pages (from-to)832-844
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2016


  • Blind source separation
  • MIMO
  • cognitive radio
  • harmonic blocker
  • harmonic-rejection mixer
  • in-band jammer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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