A 3 mm × 3 mm Fully Integrated Wireless Power Receiver and Neural Interface System-on-Chip

Chul Kim, Jiwoong Park, Sohmyung Ha, Abraham Akinin, Rajkumar Kubendran, Patrick P. Mercier, Gert Cauwenberghs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A miniaturized, fully integrated wireless power receiver system-on-chip with embedded 16-channel electrode array and data transceiver for electrocortical neural recording and stimulation is presented. An H-tree power and signal distribution network throughout the SoC maintains high quality factor up to 11 in the on-chip receiver coil at 144 MHz resonant frequency while rejecting RF interference in sensitive neural interface circuits owing to its perpendicular and equidistant geometry. A multi-mode buck-boost resonant regulating rectifier (<formula><tex>$\text{B}^2 \text{R}^3$</tex></formula>) offers greater than 11-dB input dynamic range in RF reception and less than 1 mV overshoot in transient load regulation. At 10 mm link distance, the 9 <formula><tex>$\text{mm}^2$</tex></formula> neural interface SoC fabricated in a 180 nm silicon-on-insulator (SOI) process attains an overall wireless power transmission system efficiency (WSE) of 3.4% in driving a 160 &#x03BC;W load yielding a WSE figure-of-merit of 131, while maintaining signal integrity in analog recording and wireless data transmission that comprise the on-chip load.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1736-1746
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019


  • H-tree distribution
  • Wireless power transmission (WPT)
  • adaptive mode switching
  • braincomputer interface (BCI)
  • electrocorticography (ECoG)
  • mm-sized implant
  • on-chip coil
  • regulating rectifier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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