A common mechanism in verb and noun naming deficits in Alzheimer's patients

Amit Almor, Justin M. Aronoff, Maryellen C. MacDonald, Laura M. Gonnerman, Daniel Kempler, Houri Hintiryan, Un Ja L. Hayes, Sudha Arunachalam, Elaine S. Andersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We tested the ability of Alzheimer's patients and elderly controls to name living and non-living nouns, and manner and instrument verbs. Patients' error patterns and relative performance with different categories showed evidence of graceful degradation for both nouns and verbs, with particular domain-specific impairments for living nouns and instrument verbs. Our results support feature-based, semantic representations for nouns and verbs and support the role of inter-correlated features in noun impairment, and the role of noun knowledge in instrument verb impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-19
Number of pages12
JournalBrain and Language
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's
  • Category specific impairments
  • Nouns
  • Picture naming
  • Semantic impairments
  • Verbs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Speech and Hearing

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  • Cite this

    Almor, A., Aronoff, J. M., MacDonald, M. C., Gonnerman, L. M., Kempler, D., Hintiryan, H., Hayes, U. J. L., Arunachalam, S., & Andersen, E. S. (2009). A common mechanism in verb and noun naming deficits in Alzheimer's patients. Brain and Language, 111(1), 8-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2009.07.009