Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence and progression of periodontal disease in HIV-infected children to HIV-negative household peers. This paper reports the findings after two years. Methods: Children diagnosed as HIV-infected and their household peers were recruited from the Children's Hospital AIDS Program in Newark NJ. A periodontal examination was performed at baseline and at six-month intervals for two years. A total of 121 subjects were examined two years after baseline (68 HIV-infected and 53 controls). These children ranged in age from 2-15 years at baseline. Results: Plaque assessment (PHP-M) in HIV-infected cases showed a seven-fold increase over controls for the period. However, there were no significant differences between the two groups in changes over the two years for Bleeding on Probing, Gingival Index or Pocket Depths. There was virtually no recession or pathologic mobility in either group. One-fourth of the HIV-infected group exhibited Linear Gingival Erythema at both baseline and year two. Although the number of subjects with LGE did not increase, there was an increase in the severity of LGE at year 2. Conclusion: This study suggests that in a medically well-controlled HIV-infected population, with the exception of the prevalence of Linear Gingival Erythema, the periodontal findings are similar to their HIV-negative household peers and to the general pediatric population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Sep 2000|
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