Thispaper proposes a systematic framework of the AC/DC grid state estimation with high accuracy, computational tractability, and robustness against measurement and control input errors. First, tractable lossy models of bidirectional isolated DC/DC voltage source converters (VSCs), bidirectional DC/AC VSCs, and DC lines for state estimation are developed. Then, the state variables of the DC grid are selected, and measurement equations are derived. Finally, combined with the state estimation model of AC grids, a general framework for the robust AC/DC transmission grid state estimation against both measurement errors and control input errors is presented. Simulation results show that the proposed framework can effectively capture the operating state of the AC/DC grid, and suppress the impact of simultaneous measurement errors and control input errors.
- AC/DC grid
- state estimation
- voltage source converters
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering