A content analysis of smoking craving

William G. Shadel, Raymond Niaura, Richard A. Brown, Kent E. Hutchison, David B. Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to conduct a content analysis of smoking craving in order to investigate more precisely the subjective nature of the construct with the goal of informing assessment. Thirty-two smokers interested in cessation treatment provided free response written descriptions of the level of craving they normally experience. These responses were analyzed for subjective content along five theoretical domains: physiological, affective, cognitive, behavioral, and synonyms (of craving). Although there were no differences in the relative proportion of broad content terms smokers used to describe their craving (e.g., cognitive versus affective), this analysis revealed considerable diversity in the specific terms smokers used. Some smokers described their craving in purely physiological terms whereas others used primarily cognitive terms, and still others used affective terms. To assume that smoking craving is qualitatively similar across persons, then, may mask important variations that define the individual experience of craving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001


  • Assessment
  • Content analysis
  • Craving
  • Qualitative analysis
  • Smoking
  • Urge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'A content analysis of smoking craving'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this