A Differential Rectifier With <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\mathit{V}_\mathit{TH}$</tex-math></inline-formula> Compensation for High-Frequency RF Inputs

Muhammad Abrar Akram, Sohmyung Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A CMOS differential-drive bootstrap (BS) rectifier achieving an efficient dynamic threshold voltage (<inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\mathit{V}_\mathit{TH}$</tex-math></inline-formula>)-drop compensation at high-frequency RF inputs is proposed for small biomedical implants with wireless power transmission. A bootstrapping circuit with a dynamically controlled NMOS transistor and two capacitors is proposed to implement a dynamic <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\mathit{V}_\mathit{TH}$</tex-math></inline-formula>-drop compensation (DVC). The proposed bootstrapping circuit dynamically compensates the <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\mathit{V}_\mathit{TH}$</tex-math></inline-formula> drop of the main rectifying transistors by generating a compensation voltage only when the compensation is required, improving the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the proposed BS rectifier. The proposed BS rectifier is designed for an ISM-band frequency of 433.92&#x00A0;MHz. A prototype of the proposed rectifier is co-fabricated in a 0.18-<inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\mu$</tex-math></inline-formula>m standard CMOS process with another configuration of the rectifier and two conventional BS rectifiers for fair performance comparison at various conditions. According to the measurement results, the proposed BS rectifier achieves better DC output voltage level, voltage conversion ratio, and PCE than the conventional BS rectifiers. With 0-dBm input power, 433.92-MHz frequency, and 3-k<inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\Omega$</tex-math></inline-formula> load resistor, the proposed BS rectifier achieves a peak PCE of 68.5&#x0025;.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Biomedical implants
  • bootstrapping circuit
  • Capacitors
  • dynamic threshold voltage cancellation
  • FCC
  • power conversion efficiency (PCE)
  • Rectifiers
  • Resistors
  • RF-dc converter
  • Schottky diodes
  • Threshold voltage
  • Transistors
  • wireless power transfer (WPT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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