A do-it-yourself membrane-activated auditory feedback device for weight bearing and gait training: A case report

Mitchell Batavia, John G. Gianutsos, Athena Vaccaro, Joan T. Gold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


An augmented auditory feedback device comprised of a thin membrane switch mini-buzzer, and battery is described as a modification of a previously described feedback device. The membrane switch can be customized for the patient and is designed to fit inside a patient's shoe without altering the heel height. Its appeal lies in its simplicity of construction, low cost, and ease of implementation during a patient's training for weight bearing and gait. An ever-present source of information, it provides performance-relevant cues to both patient and clinician about the occurrence, duration, and location of a force component of motor performance. The report includes suggested applications of the device, instructions to construct it, and a case report in which the device was used to improve weight beating and gait in a cognitively healthy person with spina bifida.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-545
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001



  • Case report
  • Feedback
  • Gait
  • Motor skills
  • Orthotic devices
  • Rehabilitation
  • Weight-bearing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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