A Dyadic Analysis Exploring the Mediating Role of Relationship Quality on Discrimination and HIV/STI Risk Among Young Black and Latino Expecting Couples

Yzette Lanier, Talea Cornelius, Cheyenne Morillo, Claudine Lavarin, Bridgette M. Brawner, Trace Kershaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Encounters with discrimination are a normative experience for many Black and Latino adolescents and young adults (AYAs); these experiences may be even more common for expecting AYAs. While the harmful effects of discriminatory experiences on mental and physical health have been well explored, relatively little is known regarding the impact of discrimination on relationship quality and sexual health—specifically HIV/STI risk. Using the Actor Partner Interdependence Model, we examined both actor and partner effects of discrimination on relationship quality and willingness to be non-monogamous in a sample of 259 pregnant adolescent and young adult couples. There was a significant indirect actor effect, such that one’s own discrimination was associated with a decrease in their own relationship quality which, in turn, was associated with their own greater willingness to be non-monogamous. The partner effect for the association of one’s partner’s discrimination on one’s own relationship quality was not significant. Findings highlight the need for more attention to the implications of discrimination on relational and sexual health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAIDS and Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Adolescents and young adults
  • Discrimination
  • Expecting couples
  • HIV/STI risk
  • Relationship quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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