A Fugue in Four Voices

Victoria Lugo, Carol Gilligan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article provides an example of a visual method for analyzing the four contrapuntal voices discovered when the Listening Guide Method was applied to a story of a forcedisplaced woman from Colombia. The main contribution is to enable the researcher to listen and appreciate accurately the movement and the interplay of the different voices, as in a fugue analysis. A description of the Listening Guide Method is provided along with a brief summary of the inquiry “Narratives of surviving and restoration.” The four voices are analyzed by chronological episodes and presented visually using colors and curved lines. The analysis therefore moves away from binary categories to make explicit multiple and complex relations. Doing this analysis, we were able to recognize the harmony between the voices of caring and fighting, which then tuned our listening to recovery and resistance within the context of political and social violence

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-210
Number of pages11
JournalQualitative Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021


  • Listening guide method
  • Qualitative analysis
  • Resistance
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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