A Head-to-Head Comparison of Augmented Wealth in Germany and the United States

Timm Bönke, Markus M. Grabka, Carsten Schröder, Edward N. Wolff

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    We examine the composition of augmented household wealth (i.e., the sum of net worth and pension wealth) in the United States and Germany. Pension wealth makes up a considerable portion of household wealth, of about 48 percent in the United States and 61 percent in Germany. When pension wealth is included in household wealth, the Gini coefficient falls from 0.889 to 0.700 in the United States, and from 0.755 to 0.508 in Germany. If the wealth shares in Germany were the same as in the United States, this would lead to a 12.6 percent increase in the Gini coefficient in the augmented wealth distribution in Germany.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalScandinavian Journal of Economics
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019



    • Augmented wealth
    • net worth
    • pension wealth
    • Socio-Economic Panel
    • Survey of Consumer Finances

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics

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