A label-fusion-aided convolutional neural network for isointense infant brain tissue segmentation

Tengfei Li, Fan Zhou, Ziliang Zhu, Hai Shu, Hongtu Zhu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The extremely low tissue contrast in white matter during an infant's isointense stage (6-8 months) of brain development presents major difficulty when segmenting brain image regions for analysis. We sought to develop a label-fusion-aided deep-learning approach for automatically segmenting isointense infant brain images into white matter, gray matter and cerebrospinal fluid using T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance images. A key idea of our approach is to apply the fully convolutional neural network (FCNN) to individual brain regions determined by a traditional registration-based segmentation method instead of training a single model for the whole brain. This provides more refined segmentation results by capturing more region-specific features. We show that this method outperforms traditional joint label fusion and FCNN-only methods in terms of Dice coefficients using the dataset from iSEG MICCAI Grand Challenge 2017.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE 15th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, ISBI 2018
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages692-695
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636367
DOIs
StatePublished - May 23 2018
Event15th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, ISBI 2018 - Washington, United States
Duration: Apr 4 2018Apr 7 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
Volume2018-April
ISSN (Print)1945-7928
ISSN (Electronic)1945-8452

Other

Other15th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, ISBI 2018
CountryUnited States
CityWashington
Period4/4/184/7/18

Keywords

  • Brain segmentation
  • Fully convolutional neural network
  • Isointense stage
  • Joint label fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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