A low latency generic accuracy configurable adder

Muhammad Shafique, Waqas Ahmad, Rehan Hafiz, Jörg Henkel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


High performance approximate adders typically comprise of multIPle smaller sub-adders, carry prediction units and error correction units. In this paper, we present a low-latency generic accuracy configurable adder to support variable approximation modes. It provides a higher number of potential configurations compared to state-of-the-art, thus enabling a high degree of design flexibility and trade-off between performance and output quality. An error correction unit is integrated to provide accurate results for cases where high accuracy is required. Furthermore, an associated scheme for error probability estimation allows convenient comparison of different approximate adder configurations without requiring the need to numerically simulate the adder. Our experimental results validate the developed error model and also the lower latency of our generic accuracy configurable adder over state-of-the-art approximate adders. For functional verification and prototyping, we have used a Xilinx Virtex-6 FPGA. Our adder model and synthesizable RTL are made open-source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2015 52nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781450335201
StatePublished - Jul 24 2015
Event52nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2015 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Jun 8 2015Jun 12 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings - Design Automation Conference
ISSN (Print)0738-100X


Other52nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • Adder
  • Approximate Computing
  • Arithmetic
  • Configurable Accuracy
  • Performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation


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