A method for safety testing of radiofrequency/microwave-emitting devices using MRI

Leeor Alon, Gene Y. Cho, Xing Yang, Daniel K. Sodickson, Cem M. Deniz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose Strict regulations are imposed on the amount of radiofrequency (RF) energy that devices can emit to prevent excessive deposition of RF energy into the body. In this study, we investigated the application of MR temperature mapping and 10-g average specific absorption rate (SAR) computation for safety evaluation of RF-emitting devices. Methods Quantification of the RF power deposition was shown for an MRI-compatible dipole antenna and a non-MRI-compatible mobile phone via phantom temperature change measurements. Validation of the MR temperature mapping method was demonstrated by comparison with physical temperature measurements and electromagnetic field simulations. MR temperature measurements alongside physical property measurements were used to reconstruct 10-g average SAR. Results The maximum temperature change for a dipole antenna and the maximum 10-g average SAR were 1.83°C and 12.4 W/kg, respectively, for simulations and 1.73°C and 11.9 W/kg, respectively, for experiments. The difference between MR and probe thermometry was <0.15°C. The maximum temperature change and the maximum 10-g average SAR for a cell phone radiating at maximum output for 15 min was 1.7°C and 0.54 W/kg, respectively. Conclusion Information acquired using MR temperature mapping and thermal property measurements can assess RF/microwave safety with high resolution and fidelity. Magn Reson Med 74:1397-1405, 2015.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1397-1405
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2015


  • Local SAR
  • RF Simulations
  • RF dosimetry
  • RF power deposition
  • SAR
  • microwave dosimetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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