A method to assess the loss of a dipole antenna for ultra-high-field MRI

Gang Chen, Christopher M. Collins, Daniel K. Sodickson, Graham C. Wiggins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To describe a new bench measurement based on quality (Q) factors to estimate the coil noise relative to the sample noise of dipole antennas at 7 T. Methods: Placing a dipole antenna close to a highly conductive sample surrogate (HCSS) greatly reduces radiation loss, and using QHCSS gives a more accurate estimate of coil resistance than Qunloaded. Instead of using the ratio of unloaded and sample-loaded Q factors, the ratio of HCSS-loaded and sample-loaded Q factors should be used at ultra-high fields. A series of simulations were carried out to analyze the power budget of sample-loaded or HCSS-loaded dipole antennas. Two prototype dipole antennas were also constructed for bench measurements to validate the simulations. Results: Simulations showed that radiation loss was suppressed when the dipole antenna was HCSS-loaded, and coil loss was largely the same as when the dipole was loaded by the sample. Bench measurements also showed good alignment with simulations. Conclusions: Using the ratio QHCSS/Qloaded gives a good estimate of the coil loss for dipole antennas at 7 T, and provides a convenient bench measurement to predict the body noise dominance of dipole antenna designs. The new approach also applies to conventional surface loop coils at ultra-high fields. Magn Reson Med 79:1773–1780, 2018.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1773-1780
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2018


  • Q-factors; ultra-high field (7 T)
  • dipole antenna
  • radiofrequency coil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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