A model of ethnic conflict

Joan Esteban, Debraj Ray

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We present a model of conflict in which discriminatory government policy or social intolerance is responsive to various forms of ethnic activism, including violence. It is this perceived responsiveness-captured by the probability that the government gives in and accepts a proposed change in ethnic policy-that induces individuals to mobilize, often violently, to support their cause. Yet, mobilization is costly and militants have to be compensated accordingly. The model allows for both financial and human contributions to conflict and allows for a variety of individual attitudes ("radicalism") towards the cause. The main results concern the effects of within-group heterogeneity in radicalism and income, as well as the correlation between radicalism and income, in precipitating conflict.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)496-521
    Number of pages26
    JournalJournal of the European Economic Association
    Volume9
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 2011

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

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