A Multifaceted Overview of Apple Tree Domestication

Amandine Cornille, Ferran Antolín, E. Garcia, Cristiano Vernesi, A. Fietta, Otto Brinkkemper, Wiebke Kirleis, Angela Schlumbaum, Isabel Roldán-Ruiz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The apple is an iconic tree and a major fruit crop worldwide. It is also a model species for the study of the evolutionary processes and genomic basis underlying the domestication of clonally propagated perennial crops. Multidisciplinary approaches from across Eurasia have documented the pace and process of cultivation of this remarkable crop. While population genetics and genomics have revealed the overall domestication history of apple across Eurasia, untangling the evolutionary processes involved, archeobotany has helped to document the transition from gathering and using apples to the practice of cultivation. Further studies integrating archeogenetic and archeogenomic approaches will bring new insights about key traits involved in apple domestication. Such knowledge has potential to boost innovation in present-day apple breeding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-782
Number of pages13
JournalTrends in Plant Science
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2019


  • adaptive introgression
  • archeobotany
  • domestication
  • fruit trees
  • genomics
  • paleogenetics/genomics
  • perennial crops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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