A National Study Links Nurses' Physical and Mental Health to Medical Errors and Perceived Worksite Wellness

Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Liana Orsolini, Alai Tan, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren, Gail D.Eramo Melkus, Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob, Virginia Hill Rice, Angelica Millan, Sandra B. Dunbar, Lynne T. Braun, Joellen Wilbur, Deborah A. Chyun, Kate Gawlik, Lisa M. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe (1) nurses' physical and mental health; (2) the relationship between health and medical errors; and (3) the association between nurses' perceptions of wellness support and their health. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted with 1790 nurses across the U.S. Results: Over half of the nurses reported suboptimal physical and mental health. Approximately half of the nurses reported having medical errors in the past 5 years. Compared with nurses with better health, those with worse health were associated with 26% to 71% higher likelihood of having medical errors. There also was a significant relationship between greater perceived worksite wellness and better health. Conclusion: Wellness must be a high priority for health care systems to optimize health in clinicians to enhance high-quality care and decrease the odds of costly preventable medical errors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Melnyk, B. M., Orsolini, L., Tan, A., Arslanian-Engoren, C., Melkus, G. D. E., Dunbar-Jacob, J., Rice, V. H., Millan, A., Dunbar, S. B., Braun, L. T., Wilbur, J., Chyun, D. A., Gawlik, K., & Lewis, L. M. (2018). A National Study Links Nurses' Physical and Mental Health to Medical Errors and Perceived Worksite Wellness. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60(2), 126-131. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001198