A New LED Response Model and its Application to Pre-Equalization in VLC Systems

R. Kisacik, M. Y. Yagan, M. Uysal, A. E. Pusane, A. D. Yalcinkaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With the growing interest in visible light communication (VLC), it is desired to transmit data at very high rates despite the LED's bandwidth becoming a bottleneck. The bandwidth of a white LED usually ranges between hundreds of kHz and a couple of MHz, limiting transmission rates dramatically in a VLC system. Successful design of an efficient equalizer for VLC systems heavily depends on the realistic modeling of LED's frequency response. In this letter, we first propose a new LED response model taking the parasitic effects appearing at higher frequencies into account. The proposed model provides better match with measurements of commercially available LEDs over a wide frequency range as compared to the existing models in the literature. Then, we design a digital equalizer in line with the proposed model and implement it as an offline digital system in Matlab. The designed equalizer yields an overall flat system response over a wide frequency range. As a demonstration, we present the measured eye diagrams and bit error rate performance results of the equalized VLC system with on-off keying modulation and demonstrate improvements in data rate in comparison to the LED bandwidth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9501255
Pages (from-to)955-958
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021


  • LED response model
  • phosphor white LED
  • pre-equalization
  • visible light communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A New LED Response Model and its Application to Pre-Equalization in VLC Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this