A numerical simulation of the sea ice cover in the northern Greenland Sea

D. M. Holland, R. G. Ingram, L. A. Mysak, J. M. Oberhuber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The simulation is carried out using the coupled sea ice ocean general circulation model of Oberhuber (1993). The coupled model is forced using monthly climatological atmospheric forcing. The large-scale characteristics of the observed sea ice cover in the NGS are reasonably well reproduced when compared with the limited observations available. Two notable aspects of the simulation are: 1) a trough in the ice compactness across Fram Strait and 2) a polynya along the northeast coast of Greenland. Both of these features are evident in the observations during the spring-summer period. A sensitivity experiment in which the ice internal stress term is removed from the ice model demonstrates that the inclusion of a realistic sea ice rheology is a key factor. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4751-4760
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberC3
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


Dive into the research topics of 'A numerical simulation of the sea ice cover in the northern Greenland Sea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this