A panoramic survey of natural language processing in the Arab world

Kareem Darwish, Nizar Habash, Mourad Abbas, Hend Al-Khalifa, Huseein T. Al-Natsheh, Houda Bouamor, Karim Bouzoubaa, Violetta Cavalli-Sforza, Samhaa R. El-Beltagy, Wassim El-Hajj, Mustafa Jarrar, Hamdy Mubarak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Natural language processing (NLP), called computational linguistics or human language technologies, is the sub-field of artificial intelligence (AI) focused on modeling natural languages to build applications such as speech recognition and synthesis, machine translation, optical character recogni tion (OCR), sentiment analysis (SA), question answering, and dialogue systems. Though Arabic NLP has many challenges, it has seen many successes and developments.Researchers discuss Arabic’s main challenges as a necessary background, and we present a brief history of Arabic NLP. They survey a number of its research areas, and end with a critical discussion of the future of Arabic NLP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-81
Number of pages10
JournalCommunications of the ACM
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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