A Paradigm for Studying the Accuracy of Self‐Reports of Risk Behavior Relevant to AIDS: Empirical Perspectives on Stability, Recall Bias, and Transitory Influences

James Jaccard, Choi K. Wan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite the importance of the issue for AIDS‐related research, there is a paucity of studies that have addressed the issue of the validity of self‐reports of patterns of risk behavior over time. This article frames issues of measurement in the context of cognitive psychology and presents a research paradigm that investigators can use to explore issues of accuracy, bias, and stability in self‐reports. The paradigm also permits the analysis of transitory influences on risk behavior, influences which have been minimized in current AIDS research. Preliminary data are presented that support the feasibility of the method and which are suggestive of important considerations in the development of valid measures in national surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1831-1858
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume25
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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