A parallel approach for high performance hardware design of intra prediction in H.264/AVC video codec

Muhammad Shafique, Lars Bauer, Jörg Henkel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The H.264/AVC Intra Frame Codec (i.e. all frames are coded as I-frames) targets high-resolution/high-end encoding applications (e.g. digital cinema and high quality archiving etc.), providing much better compression efficiency at lower computational complexity compared to MJPEG2000. Moreover, in case of video coding of very high motion scenes, the number of Intra Macroblocks is dominant. Intra Prediction is a compute intensive and memory-critical part that consumes 80% of the computation time of the entire Intra Compression process when executing the H.264 encoder on MIPS processor [13]. We therefore present a novel hardware for H.264 Intra Prediction that processes all the prediction modes in parallel inside one integrated module (i.e. mode-level parallelism) enabling us to exploit the full space of optimization. It exhibits a group-based write-back scheme to reduce the memory transfers in order to facilitate the fast mode-decision schemes. Our Luma 4x4 hardware is 3.6x, 5.2x, and 5.5x faster than state-of-the-art approaches [13], QS0 [14], and [15], respectively. Our results show that processing Luma 16x16, Chroma 8x8, and Luma 4x4 with the proposed approach is 7.2x, 6.5x, and 1.8x faster (while giving an energy saving of 60%, 80%, and 74%) when compared with Dedicated Module Approach [13] (each prediction mode is processed with its independent hardware module i.e. a typical ASIC style for Intra Prediction). We get an area saving of 58% for Luma 4x4 hardware.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2009 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE '09
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1434-1439
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783981080155
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event2009 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE '09 - Nice, France
Duration: Apr 20 2009Apr 24 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings -Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE
ISSN (Print)1530-1591

Other

Other2009 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE '09
CountryFrance
CityNice
Period4/20/094/24/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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