A Perspective towards Multi-Hazard Resilient Systems: Natural Hazards and Pandemics

Mohammad Amin Hariri-Ardebili, Siamak Sattar, Katherine Johnson, Christopher Clavin, Juan Fung, Luis Ceferino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The concept of resilience has been used extensively across the sciences in engineering and the humanities. It is applied to ecology, medicine, economics, and psychology. The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has posed an extraordinary challenge to the resilience of healthcare systems, communities, and nations and has profoundly altered our previous day-to-day operations. This paper presents a discussion of the definitions and characteristics of resilient systems. Scenarios are utilized to qualitatively explore key relationships, responses, and paths for recovery across different system types. The purpose is to develop an integrated approach that can accommodate simultaneous threats to system resilience, in particular, impacts from a natural hazard in conjunction with COVID-19. This manuscript is the first to advocate for more in-depth and quantitative research utilizing trans-disciplinary approaches that can accommodate considerations across our built environment and healthcare system infrastructures in pursuit of designing systems that are resilient to both natural hazards and pandemic impacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4508
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • healthcare
  • multi-hazard
  • natural hazard
  • pandemic
  • resilience
  • risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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