A physics-based digital human model

Karim Abdel-Malek, Jasbir Arora, Jingzhou Yang, Timothy Marler, Steve Beck, Colby Swan, Laura Frey-Law, Joo Kim, Rajan Bhatt, Anith Mathai, Chris Murphy, Salam Rahmatalla, Arnos Patrick, John Obusek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a comprehensive human modelling and simulation environment. This environment, called Santos™, is a new generation of digital human simulation systems that allows a user to interact with a digital character with full and accurate biomechanics and a complete muscular system, subject to the laws of physics. Major results in the areas of dynamic motion prediction, advanced posture prediction and comfort level assessment, physiology model, modelling of clothing and muscle wrapping and force assessment will be presented. This paper will feature the various modules that comprise the Santos environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-340
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Vehicle Design
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Aug 2009


  • Digital human
  • Modelling and simulation
  • Optimisation
  • Physics-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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