A programmatic and methodologic review and synthesis of clinic-based risk-reduction interventions for sexually transmitted infections: Research and practice implications

Ralph J. DiClemente, Robin Milhausen, Jessica McDermott Sales, Laura F. Salazar, Richard A. Crosby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The overarching goal of this article is to systematically review and synthesize empirical findings for sexually transmitted disease risk-reduction programs that were developed and implemented specifically for adolescents seeking health care services at clinical venues. The objective is to examine the reported efficacy of these programs in reducing adolescents' sexually transmitted infection (STI)-associated behavior, in enhancing theoretically and empirically important psychosocial mediators associated with the adoption of STI-preventive behaviors, and, most important, in reducing adolescents' risk of acquiring an STI. In addition, our review assesses program and methodologic characteristics of the studies, determines compliance with standardized reporting guidelines, identifies a subset of program characteristics that are related to efficacy in terms of modifying adolescents' sexual risk behaviors, and examines the research and practice implications of these findings for implementing evidence-based STI risk-reduction programs in clinics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-218
Number of pages20
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)

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