A randomized controlled trial of an HIV prevention intervention for street-based female sex workers in Yerevan, Armenia: Preliminary evidence of efficacy

Karine Markosyan, Delia L. Lang, Laura F. Salazar, Ralph J. DiClemente, James W. Hardin, Nelli Darbinyan, Jesse B. Joseph, Marietta Khurshudyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study evaluated the efficacy of an HIV intervention among female sex workers (FSWs) randomized to an intervention or wait-list control. FSWs (N = 120) completed baseline, 3-and 6-month assessments. A health educator implemented 2-hour intervention emphasized gender-empowerment, self-efficacy to persuade clients to use condoms, condom application skills, and eroticizing safer sex. Over the 6-month follow-up, FSWs in the intervention reported more consistent condom use with clients (P =.004) and were more likely to apply condoms on clients (P =.0001). Intervention effects were observed for other psychosocial mediators of safer sex. Brief, gender and culturally congruent interventions can enhance HIV-preventive behaviors among FSWs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)530-537
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Armenia
  • Female sex workers
  • HIV prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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