A randomized trial of an education and support program for HIV-infected individuals

Paul D. Cleary, Nancy Van Devanter, Melanie Steilen, Ann Stuart, Ruth Shipton-Levy, William McMullen, Theresa F. Rogers, Eleanor Singer, Jerry Avorn, Johanna Pindyck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of an intervention for providing information and support to HIV-positive donors on changes in their sexual behavior, and to assess which donor characteristics are predictive of behavior change. Design: Subjects were randomly assigned to a structured intervention or community referral group. Follow-up assessments were conducted every 6 months. Setting: New York City, New York, USA. Participants: A cohort of 271 HIV-infected persons who donated blood to the New York Blood Center. intervention: Donors randomized to the structured intervention program met individually with a nurse for counseling and were offered a six-session support group. The program was designed to provide information, encourage safer sexual behavior and provide support. Main outcome measures: Sexual behavior, psychological distress and psychological help seeking, and immune function. Results: In both groups there was a large decrease over time in reports of unsafe sexual activity. However, more than 30% of participants in both groups reported unsafe sexual activity at the 1-year follow-up visit. Donors randomized to the structured intervention program did not report significantly more behavior change at the 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: Better programs to promote behavior change in seropositive individuals are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1271-1278
Number of pages8
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1995


  • Behavior change
  • Education
  • HIV
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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