A review of formal objections to Marine Stewardship Council fisheries certifications

Claire Christian, David Ainley, Megan Bailey, Paul Dayton, John Hocevar, Michael LeVine, Jordan Nikoloyuk, Claire Nouvian, Enriqueta Velarde, Rodolfo Werner, Jennifer Jacquet

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


    The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) was created as a conservation tool - intended to provide the best environmental choice in seafood to consumers and to create positive incentives that would improve the status and management of fisheries. During its 15. years, the MSC, which has an annual budget of close to US$20 million, has attached its logo to more than 170 fisheries. These certifications have not occurred without protest. Despite high costs and difficult procedures, conservation organizations and other groups have filed and paid for 19 formal objections to MSC fisheries certifications. Only one objection has been upheld such that the fishery was not certified. Here, we collate and summarize these objections and the major concerns as they relate to the MSC's three main principles: sustainability of the target fish stock, low impacts on the ecosystem, and effective, responsive management. An analysis of the formal objections indicates that the MSC's principles for sustainable fishing are too lenient and discretionary, and allow for overly generous interpretation by third-party certifiers and adjudicators, which means that the MSC label may be misleading both consumers and conservation funders.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)10-17
    Number of pages8
    JournalBiological Conservation
    StatePublished - May 2013


    • Certification
    • Eco-label
    • Fisheries management
    • Marine Stewardship Council
    • Sustainable seafood

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Nature and Landscape Conservation


    Dive into the research topics of 'A review of formal objections to Marine Stewardship Council fisheries certifications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this