A revised Self- and Family Management Framework

Margaret Grey, Dena Schulman-Green, Kathleen Knafl, Nancy R. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Research on self- and family management of chronic conditions has advanced over the past 6 years, but the use of simple frameworks has hampered the understanding of the complexities involved. Purpose: We sought to update our previously published model with new empirical, synthetic, and theoretical work. Methods: We used synthesis of previous studies to update the framework. Discussion: We propose a revised framework that clarifies facilitators and barriers, processes, proximal outcomes, and distal outcomes of self- and family management and their relationships. Conclusions: We offer the revised framework as a model that can be used in studies aimed at advancing self- and family management science. The use of the framework to guide studies would allow for the design of studies that can address more clearly how self-management interventions work and under what conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-170
Number of pages9
JournalNursing outlook
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015


  • Chronic conditions
  • Family management
  • Frameworks
  • Self-management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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