A scientific software ecosystem architecture for the livestock domain

Jonas Gomes, Izaque Esteves, Vicente Graciano Neto Valdemar Vicente Graciano Neto, José Maria N. David, Regina Braga, Wagner Arbex, Mohamad Kassab, Roberto Felício de Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Context: In the livestock domain, technologies are developed to sustainably raise animal production. However, the domain is critical, since animals are very sensitive to variables such as temperature and humidity, which can cause diseases and consequent production losses and discomfort. Livestock production systems then demand monitoring, reasoning, and acting on the environment so that the levels of those variables are preserved in pre-established intervals and undesired conditions are predicted, avoided, and mitigated with automated actions. Objective: The main contribution of this article is presenting E-SECO, a software ecosystem platform, and its evolution that encapsulates a new self-adaptive component to tackle animal production decisions, named e-Livestock architecture. Method: Two case studies were conducted involving a real system derived from the E-SECO platform encompassing a Compost Barn production system, i.e., the environment and surrounding technology where bovine milk production takes place. Results: Results showed the effectiveness of E-SECO to (i) abstract disruptive technologies based on the Internet of Things (IoT) and Artificial Intelligence and accommodate them in a single architecture for that specific domain, (ii) support reuse and derivation of a self-adaptive architecture to support engineering a complex system for a livestock sub-domain (milk production), and (iii) support empirical studies in a real smart farm towards a future transfer of technology to industry. Conclusion: The results showed that the E-SECO platform, which encompasses e-livestock architecture, can support monitoring, reasoning, prediction, and automated actions in a milk production/Compost Barn environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107240
JournalInformation and Software Technology
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • Compost barn
  • Dairy cattle
  • Experiments
  • Livestock
  • Self-adaptive systems
  • Sensors data
  • Software ecosystem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications


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