Glycomics, i.e. the high-throughput analysis of carbohydrates, has yet to reach the level of ease and import of its counterparts, genomics and proteomics, due to the difficulties inherent in carbohydrate analysis. The advent of lectin microarray technology addresses many of these problems, providing a straightforward approach for glycomic analysis. However, current microarrays are limited to the available lectin set, which consists mainly of plant lectins isolated from natural sources. These lectins have inherent problems including inconsistent activity and availability. Also, many plant lectins are glycosylated, complicating glycomic evaluation of complex samples, which may contain carbohydrate-binding proteins. The creation of a recombinant, well-defined lectin set would resolve many of these issues. Herein, we describe an efficient strategy for the systematic creation of recombinant lectins for use in microarray technology. We present a small panel of simple-to-purify bacterially-derived lectins that show reliable activity and define their binding specificities by both carbohydrate microarray and ELISA. We utilize this panel to create a recombinant lectin microarray that is able to distinguish glycopatterns for both proteins and cell samples. This work opens the door to the establishment of a vast set of defined lectins via high-throughout approaches, advancing lectin microarray technology for glycomic analysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology