A Social Work Education Outcome Measure: The Evaluation Self-Efficacy Scale–II

Gary Holden, Kathleen Barker, Sofie Kuppens, Gary Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Evaluation Self-Efficacy (ESE) scale was designed as an outcome measure for evaluation research courses in social work. A revised version of the Social Cognitive Theory–based ESE (ESE-II) was developed and evaluated in the current study including both new and revised items. The ESE-II was evaluated in a final sample of 168 masters level students using a pretest–posttest design. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a single-factor structure underlying the 14 self-efficacy items at both assessment points. Cronbach’s alphas for the ESE-II were high at pre- and posttest. An argument underpinning content validity was developedand convergent validity was demonstrated. The ESE-II was also sensitive to change over time both at the item and scale level. The current study provides evidence supporting select psychometric properties of the ESE-II and the flexibility of self-efficacy as an outcome measure for social work education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalSAGE Open
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017


  • assessment
  • evaluation
  • higher education
  • outcome measure
  • replication
  • self-efficacy
  • social work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences


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