A statistical understanding of nucleation

Alexander F. Izmailov, Allan S. Myerson, Stephen Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to study a stochastic phenomenon such as nucleation it is necessary to collect a large enough set of nucleation data to obtain nucleation statistics. This is done by performing nucleation experiments with the same solution under exactly the same conditions many times N (N ∼ 150-300). Such an experiment, based on simultaneous levitation of N ∼ 150-300 identical microdroplets (1-20 μm in diameter) of supersaturated solutions in a solvent atmosphere, is possible by employing the linear quadrupole electrodynamic levitator trap (LQELT). The LQELT is supplemented with a special optical system which is based on scattering of monochromatic polarized light. This will enable fast observation of nucleation and, thus, induction times in each of the levitated microdroplets. The N different induction times, counted from the moment t0 at which supersaturation is established are recorded. This data provides nucleation statistics (induction time statistics). The numerical and analytical studies of nucleation statistics and parameters provide an insight into statistical properties of the underlying nucleation phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-242
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume196
Issue number2-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 1999

Keywords

  • Induction time
  • Levitation
  • Microdroplet
  • Nucleation
  • Statistics
  • Supersaturated solution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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