A STUDY in BLUE: The BARYON CONTENT of ISOLATED LOW-MASS GALAXIES

Jeremy D. Bradford, Marla C. Geha, Michael R. Blanton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We study the baryon content of low-mass galaxies selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS DR8), focusing on galaxies in isolated environments where the complicating physics of galaxy-galaxy interactions are minimized. We measure neutral hydrogen (HI) gas masses and line widths for 148 isolated galaxies with stellar mass between 107 and . We compare isolated low-mass galaxies to more massive galaxies and galaxies in denser environments by remeasuring HI emission lines from the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA survey 40% data release. All isolated low-mass galaxies either have large atomic gas fractions or large atomic gas fractions cannot be ruled out via their upper limits. We measure a median atomic gas fraction of for our isolated low-mass sample with no systems below 0.30. At all stellar masses, the correlations between galaxy radius, baryonic mass, and velocity width are not significantly affected by environment. Finally, we estimate a median baryon to total dynamical mass fraction of . We also estimate two different median baryon to halo mass fractions using the results of semi-analytic models and abundance matching . Baryon fractions estimated directly using HI observations appear independent of environment and maximum circular velocity, while baryon fractions estimated using abundance matching show a significant depletion of baryons at low maximum circular velocities.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number146
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume809
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 20 2015

    Keywords

    • galaxies: ISM
    • galaxies: dwarf
    • galaxies: evolution
    • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics Supporting material: machine-readable table

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

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