A Survey of Cybersecurity of Digital Manufacturing

Priyanka Mahesh, Akash Tiwari, Chenglu Jin, Panganamala R. Kumar, A. L.Narasimha Reddy, Satish T.S. Bukkapatanam, Nikhil Gupta, Ramesh Karri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The Industry 4.0 concept promotes a digital manufacturing (DM) paradigm that can enhance quality and productivity, which reduces inventory and the lead time for delivering custom, batch-of-one products based on achieving convergence of additive, subtractive, and hybrid manufacturing machines, automation and robotic systems, sensors, computing, and communication networks, artificial intelligence, and big data. A DM system consists of embedded electronics, sensors, actuators, control software, and interconnectivity to enable the machines and the components within them to exchange data with other machines, components therein, the plant operators, the inventory managers, and customers. This article presents the cybersecurity risks in the emerging DM context, assesses the impact on manufacturing, and identifies approaches to secure DM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9247392
Pages (from-to)495-516
Number of pages22
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2021


  • Digital manufacturing (DM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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