A systematic literature review on Internet of things in education: Benefits and challenges

Mohamad Kassab, Joanna DeFranco, Phillip Laplante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With close to 20.4 billion devices connected to the Internet to be deployed by 2020, Internet of things (IoT) is already being leveraged in diverse sectors. Now, because of the ubiquitous nature of IoT devices, schools and academic institutions are looking to incorporate IoT in educational activities. With the increased use of IoT in the education domain, it is of utmost importance to study how this technology with its distinguished system functions such as sensing and decision making can support and challenge the pedagogical processes for all interrelated actors (faculty, students, and staff) as well as all involved assets (e.g., libraries, classrooms, and labs). Although there have been several contributions on the inclusion of IoT into the education domain, there is still a lack of consolidated and coherent views on this subject. Hence, we are motivated to close the gap of knowledge and embarked on mapping out the published studies available. This study presents the results of a systematic literature review focusing on the benefits and the challenges faced in education in integrating IoT into the curriculum and educational environments. Different mapping views of the extracted studies are provided as long as a summary of the already implemented tools and a list of gap research questions yet to be investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-127
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Learning
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • education
  • educational technology
  • Internet of things
  • network of things
  • online learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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