While conventional bilateral Single-Master/Single-Slave (SM/SS) teleoperation systems have received considerable attention during the past several decades, multilateral teleoperation is only recently being studied. Unlike an SM/SS system, which consists of one master-slave set, multilateral teleoperation frameworks involve a minimum of three agents in order to remotely perform a task. This paper presents an overview of multilateral teleoperation systems and classifies the existing state-of-the-art architectures based on topologies, applications, and closed-loop stability analysis. For each category, the review discusses control strategies used for various architectures as well as control challenges (e.g., closed-loop instability as a result of a delay in the communication network) for each methodology.
- Cooperative teleoperation
- multi-master/multi-slave telerobotics
- multilateral telerobotics
- trilateral teleoperation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Computer Science Applications