A terabit IP switch router using optoelectronic technology

H. Jonathan Chao, Xiaolei Guo, Cheuk Hung Lam, Ti Shiang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Terabit IP switch router is a key to the success of next generation Internet (NGI) with its backbone capacity supporting exponentially increasing traffic. The challenges in designing a terabit IP switch router include (1) a large capacity switch fabric providing high speed interconnection for a number of smaller capacity router modules, and (2) a fast arbitration scheme resolving output contention within stringent time constraint while achieving high throughput and low delay. In this paper, an input-output buffered switch architecture with a speedup of two is employed; our simulation results show that it can nearly achieve the theoretic bound in average delay/throughput performance of an output buffered switch. We propose a 256 × 256 multicast optical interconnection network (OIN) based on advanced wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) technology as the switch fabric for terabit IP switch routers. Its component and interconnection complexity, and power budget are evaluated. A novel ping-pong arbitration (PPA) scheme is used to solve the output contention in the OIN. The arbitration time of an N-input switch can be achieved in the order of log4 [N/2]. For instance, with N = 256 the arbitration can be completed in 11 gates delay, less than 5 ns using the current CMOS technology, showing that the PPA scheme can support multiple terabit/s switch capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-57
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of High Speed Networks
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999


  • Input-output queued packet switching
  • Optical interconnection network (OIN)
  • Optical packet switch
  • Speedup
  • Terabit IP router
  • Tunable filter
  • Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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