A programmable ultra-wideband sliding correlator-based channel sounder with high temporal and spatial resolution is designed in standard 65 nm CMOS. The baseband chip can be configured either as a baseband transmitter to generate a pseudo-random spread spectrum signal with flexible sequence lengths, or as a baseband receiver with sliding correlator having an absolute timing reference to obtain power delay profiles of the multipath components of the wireless channel. The sequence achieved a chip rate of one Giga-bit-per-second, resulting in a multipath delay resolution of 1 ns. The baseband chip occupies an area of 0.66 mm x 1 mm with a power dissipation of 6 mA at 1.1 V in 65 nm CMOS. The sliding correlator-based channel sounder in this work is a critical block for future low-cost, miniaturized channel sounding systems used in accurate and efficient channel propagation measurements at millimeter-wave frequencies.