Abuse Impedes Prevention: The Intersection of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV/STI Risk Among Young African American Women

Puja Seth, Gina M. Wingood, La Shun S. Robinson, Jerris L. Raiford, Ralph J. DiClemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with risky sexual behavior and STIs among diverse groups of women. IPV was examined as a moderator of efficacy for an HIV/STI intervention. 848 African American women, 18–29, were randomly assigned to an HIV/STI intervention or control condition. Participants completed measures on sociodemographics, IPV, risky sexual behavior and received STI testing. IPV predicted inconsistent condom use and a risky sexual partner over 12-month follow-up. A significant interaction indicated that among women who experienced IPV, those in the intervention were more likely to test positive for Trichomonas vaginalis (TV). Among intervention participants, those who experienced IPV were more likely to test TV-positive than those who did not. In an HIV intervention that did not specifically address IPV, women in the control condition were less likely to acquire TV than those in the intervention. Consideration of contextual/interpersonal factors is essential when developing HIV intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1438-1445
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 2015

Keywords

  • African American
  • HIV
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Risky sexual behavior
  • Sexually transmitted infection
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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