Actual use of multiple health monitors among older adults with diabetes: Pilot study

Yaguang Zheng, Katie Weinger, Jordan Greenberg, Lora E. Burke, Susan M. Sereika, Nicole Patience, Matt C. Gregas, Zhuoxin Li, Chenfang Qi, Joy Yamasaki, Medha N. Munshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have reported older adults perceptions of using health monitors; however, no studies have examined the actual use of multiple health monitors for lifestyle changes over time among older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Objective: The primary aim of this study was to examine the actual use of multiple health monitors for lifestyle changes over 3 months among older adults with T2D. The secondary aim was to explore changes in caloric intake and physical activity (PA) over 3 months. Methods: This was a single-group study lasting 3 months. The study sample included participants who were aged .65 years with a diagnosis of T2D. Participants were recruited through fliers posted at the Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston. Participants attended five 60-min, biweekly group sessions, which focused on self-monitoring, goal setting, self-regulation to achieve healthy eating and PA habits, and the development of problem-solving skills. Participants were provided with the Lose It! app to record daily food intake and devices such as a Fitbit Alta for monitoring PA, a Bluetooth-enabled blood glucose meter, and a Bluetooth-enabled digital scale. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis. Results: Of the enrolled participants (N=9), the sample was white (8/9, 89%) and female (4/9, 44%), with a mean age of 76.4 years (SD 6.0; range 69-89 years), 15.7 years (SD 2.0) of education, 33.3 kg/m2 (SD 3.1) BMI, and 7.4% (SD 0.8) hemoglobin A1c. Over the 84 days of self-monitoring, the mean percentage of days using the Lose It!, Fitbit Alta, blood glucose meter, and scale were 82.7 (SD 17.6), 85.2 (SD 19.7), 65.3 (SD 30.1), and 53.0 (SD 34.5), respectively. From baseline to completion of the study, the mean daily calorie intake was 1459 (SD 661) at week 1, 1245 (SD 554) at week 11, and 1333 (SD 546) at week 12, whereas the mean daily step counts were 5618 (SD 3654) at week 1, 5792 (SD 3814) at week 11, and 4552 (SD 3616) at week 12. The mean percentage of weight loss from baseline was 4.92% (SD 0.25). The dose of oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin was reduced in 55.6% (5/9) of the participants. Conclusions: The results from the pilot study are encouraging and suggest the need for a larger study to confirm the outcomes. In addition, a study design that includes a control group with educational sessions but without the integration of technology would offer additional insight to understand the value of mobile health in behavior changes and the health outcomes observed during this pilot study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere15995
JournalJournal of medical Internet research
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Diabetes mellitus, type 2
  • Lifestyle
  • Mobile health
  • Self-management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

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    Zheng, Y., Weinger, K., Greenberg, J., Burke, L. E., Sereika, S. M., Patience, N., Gregas, M. C., Li, Z., Qi, C., Yamasaki, J., & Munshi, M. N. (2020). Actual use of multiple health monitors among older adults with diabetes: Pilot study. Journal of medical Internet research, 22(3), [e15995]. https://doi.org/10.2196/15995