AdAM: Adaptive approximation management for the non-volatile memory hierarchies

Mohammad Taghi Teimoori, Muhammad Abdullah Hanif, Alireza Ejlali, Muhammad Shafique

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Existing memory approximation techniques focus on employing approximations at an individual level of the memory hierarchy (e.g., cache, scratchpad, or main memory). However, to exploit the full potential of approximations, there is a need to manage different approximation knobs across the complete memory hierarchy. Towards this, we model a system including STT-RAM scratchpad and PCM main memory with different approximation knobs (e.g., read/write pulse magnitude/duration) in order to synergistically trade data accuracy for both STT-RAM access delay and PCM lifetime by means of an integer linear programming (ILP) problem at design-time. Furthermore, a runtime algorithm is proposed to adaptively tune the approximation knobs of both STT-RAM and PCM to obtain high energy savings while keeping error-per-second within acceptable ranges across the complete memory hierarchy. We evaluated our proposed technique (i.e., AdAM) in a baseline system consisting of 1-2MB STT-RAM scratchpad and 0.5-1GB PCM main memory. The experimental results demonstrate that AdAM improves the execution time and the lifetime of memory by up to 38.7% and 1.6X, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages785-790
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9783981926316
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 2018
Event2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018 - Dresden, Germany
Duration: Mar 19 2018Mar 23 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018
Volume2018-January

Other

Other2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018
CountryGermany
CityDresden
Period3/19/183/23/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software
  • Information Systems and Management

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