Adapting a home telemonitoring intervention for underserved Hispanic/Latino patients with type 2 diabetes: an acceptability and feasibility study

Renee Pekmezaris, Myia S. Williams, Briana Pascarelli, Kayla D. Finuf, Yael T. Harris, Alyson K. Myers, Tonya Taylor, Myriam Kline, Vidhi H. Patel, Lawrence M. Murray, Samy I. McFarlane, Karalyn Pappas, Martin L. Lesser, Amgad N. Makaryus, Sabrina Martinez, Andrjez Kozikowski, Jennifer Polo, Josephine Guzman, Roman Zeltser, Jose MarinoMaria Pena, Ralph J. DiClemente, Dilcia Granville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Home telemonitoring is a promising approach to optimizing outcomes for patients with Type 2 Diabetes; however, this care strategy has not been adapted for use with understudied and underserved Hispanic/Latinos (H/L) patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Methods: A formative, Community-Based Participatory Research approach was used to adapt a home telemonitoring intervention to facilitate acceptability and feasibility for vulnerable H/L patients. Utilizing the ADAPT-ITT framework, key stakeholders were engaged over an 8-month iterative process using a combination of strategies, including focus groups and structured interviews. Nine Community Advisory Board, Patient Advisory, and Provider Panel Committee focus group discussions were conducted, in English and Spanish, to garner stakeholder input before intervention implementation. Focus groups and structured interviews were also conducted with 12 patients enrolled in a 1-month pilot study, to obtain feedback from patients in the home to further adapt the intervention. Focus groups and structured interviews were approximately 2 hours and 30 min, respectively. All focus groups and structured interviews were audio-recorded and professionally transcribed. Structural coding was used to mark responses to topical questions in the moderator and interview guides. Results: Two major themes emerged from qualitative analyses of Community Advisory Board/subcommittee focus group data. The first major theme involved intervention components to maximize acceptance/usability. Subthemes included tablet screens (e.g., privacy/identity concerns; enlarging font sizes; lighter tablet to facilitate portability); cultural incongruence (e.g., language translation/literacy, foods, actors “who look like me”); nursing staff (e.g., ensuring accessibility; appointment flexibility); and, educational videos (e.g., the importance of information repetition). A second major theme involved suggested changes to the randomized control trial study structure to maximize participation, including a major restructuring of the consenting process and changes designed to optimize recruitment strategies. Themes from pilot participant focus group/structured interviews were similar to those of the Community Advisory Board such as the need to address and simplify a burdensome consenting process, the importance of assuring privacy, and an accessible, culturally congruent nurse. Conclusions: These findings identify important adaptation recommendations from the stakeholder and potential user perspective that should be considered when implementing home telemonitoring for underserved patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Trial registration: NCT03960424; ClinicalTrials.gov (US National Institutes of Health). Registered 23 May 2019. Registered prior to data collection. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03960424?term=NCT03960424&draw=2&rank=1

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number324
JournalBMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • ADAPT-ITT
  • Feasibility
  • Hispanic/Latino population
  • Home telemedicine
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics

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