Adapting the Diabetes Prevention Program for Older Adults: Descriptive Study

Jeannette M. Beasley, Emily A. Johnston, Denisa Costea, Mary Ann Sevick, Erin S. Rogers, Melanie Jay, Judy Zhong, Joshua Chodosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Prediabetes affects 26.4 million people aged 65 years or older (48.8%) in the United States. Although older adults respond well to the evidence-based Diabetes Prevention Program, they are a heterogeneous group with differing physiological, biomedical, and psychosocial needs who can benefit from additional support to accommodate age-related changes in sensory and motor function. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe adaptations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Diabetes Prevention Program aimed at preventing diabetes among older adults (ages ≥65 years) and findings from a pilot of 2 virtual sessions of the adapted program that evaluated the acceptability of the content. Methods: The research team adapted the program by incorporating additional resources necessary for older adults. A certified lifestyle coach delivered 2 sessions of the adapted content via videoconference to 189 older adults. Results: The first session had a 34.9% (38/109) response rate to the survey, and the second had a 34% (30/88) response rate. Over three-quarters (50/59, 85%) of respondents agreed that they liked the virtual program, with 82% (45/55) agreeing that they would recommend it to a family member or a friend. Conclusions: This data will be used to inform intervention delivery in a randomized controlled trial comparing in-person versus virtual delivery of the adapted program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere45004
JournalJMIR Formative Research
StatePublished - 2023


  • ageing
  • aging
  • diabetes
  • diabetes prevention program
  • diabetic
  • diet
  • digital intervention
  • exercise
  • group-based intervention
  • lifestyle coach
  • nutrition
  • older adult
  • online intervention
  • physical activity
  • prevention
  • virtual delivery
  • weight
  • weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Informatics


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