Adaptive-stage rectifier for mm-scale implants

T. Alafghani, N. K. Mandloi, S. Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As the dimensions of neural implants are miniaturised to mm-scale, wireless powering becomes more challenging. Antenna sizes become smaller, and so does the amplitudes of the received RF signal. More importantly, a meticulous effort is required when multiple implants are placed on the brain under a transmitter, as each implant has a different spatial position from the transmitter coil. In addition, RF power may fluctuate over time. These factors, both effects the coupling coefficient. In this case, rectifiers with a fixed number of stages are limited to a rather narrow operational voltage range, and cannot accommodate such variations. To address this, the authors propose an adaptive-stage rectifier that changes the number of connected stages by monitoring the final rectifier output voltage using two comparators and a digital block. By doing so, it can generate an output voltage within the targeted voltage range for a much wider RF input voltage range. The authors' design and simulations in 180-nm CMOS SOI process show that the proposed rectifier is capable of keeping the output voltage within 1-1.7 V for an RF input range from 0.73 to 2 V, which is five times wider than that of conventional rectifiers with three fixed stages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-68
Number of pages3
JournalElectronics Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 23 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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