Adaptive steganography

R. Chandramouli, Grace Li, Nasir Memon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Steganalysis techniques attempt to differentiate between stego-objects and cover-objects. In recent work we developed an explicit analytic upper bound for the steganographic capacity of LSB based steganographic techniques for a given false probability of detection. In this paper we look at adaptive steganographic techniques. Adaptive steganographic techniques take explicit steps to escape detection. We explore different techniques that can be used to adapt message embedding to the image content or to a known steganalysis technique. We investigate the advantages of adaptive steganography within an analytical framework. We also give experimental results with a state-of-the-art steganalysis technique demonstrating that adaptive embedding results in a significant number of bits embedded without detection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsE.J. Delp III, P.W. Wong
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2002
EventSecurity and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IV - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 21 2002Jan 24 2002


OtherSecurity and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA


  • Adaptive Steganography
  • RS Steganalyzer
  • Steganalysis
  • Steganography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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